2nd, the consumption of foods from the country, because of the gender by both is explained in line with the dichotomised opinions

2nd, the consumption of foods from the country, because of the gender by both is explained in line with the dichotomised opinions


This new dataset found in that it data falls under the brand new Cross Federal College student Fitness Questionnaire (CNSHS), a health questionnaire certainly one of student communities used in several European regions . In the current analysis four internet were provided, which presented the study during the 2005: School out of Bielefeld, Germany (DE); College or university away from South Denmark (DK); Catholic College off Lublin, Poland (PL); and you can Sofia College, Bulgaria (BG). The study applied a home-given multiple-theme fitness questionnaire, as well as questions on numerous fitness behaviours. The first survey was created in german and you will translated for the Shine, Bulgarian and you may Danish by the a few independent translators. The two types had been opposed and their disputes solved within the conversation which have indigenous audio system mixed up in research party. New questionnaire try shared with earliest-seasons students through the regular categories regarding the final element of picked programs and gathered immediately after are complete by students. Zero bonuses was basically offered. The latest impulse costs (predicated on numbers of came back surveys) were >95% (Bulgaria, Poland), 92% (Denmark), and you will varied (60%–100%) to have Germany according to interviewed organizations (85% on average, all the way down effect prices into the highest lecture bed room than in faster meetings). The research integrated 2651 members. Intercourse are destroyed for 60 people and an extra 189 had lost responses in a number of concerns resulting in a last sample proportions regarding 2402.


A meal regularity survey (nine signal details) examined application activities away from candy; cakes/cookies; edibles and you will quick/canned restaurants; fresh fruits; intense and you may cooked make and salads; and you can chicken and you may fish (find Table step 1). The fresh new basic matter “How many times do you eat the following items?” expected professionals concerning the frequency of the typical usage of each food item independently (ranked to your a 5-point size: each day, daily, from time to time a week, 1–fourfold thirty days, rather than). Such 5 categories was indeed folded with the a few kinds: high-frequency (on a regular basis/daily) and you can low-frequency (from time to time each week/1–fourfold 1 month/never). Regarding three facts (cakes, meals and you can fish), high-frequency is actually defined as every day/daily/once or twice each week versus low-frequency step 1–4 times a month/never. New tool is actually predicated on pre-present dinner frequency forms, adapted for the studies and you will included in earlier publications . The face and you may articles legitimacy of means had been determined by the grounding the newest survey towards the books comment www.datingranking.net/de/herpes-dating-de. Zero specialized take to regarding validity is actually performed, nevertheless questionnaire are very similar to most other dining volume surveys that were confirmed, elizabeth.g. [twenty-five, 26]. Issue: “Where might you real time throughout the college/college term-time?” assessed students’ lifestyle preparations throughout the college words, that have four closed choices and something open end impulse (alone; with my companion; using my parents; which have space-mates; other). That it adjustable try recoded on a couple alternatives: at parental home as opposed to all other alternatives.

Advised agree and you can ethical consent

Contribution throughout the research was volunteer and anonymous. Students was informed that because of the completing new questionnaire they certainly were delivering the advised consent to engage. These people were including informed that they you certainly will cancel the newest contribution during the people point while filling out the questionnaire. The fresh permission to conduct the research are granted of the participating institutions: Bielefeld College during the Bielefeld (Germany), the latest Catholic University off Lublin, Lublin (Poland), the fresh College or university from Sofia during the Sofia (Bulgaria) together with College or university out of Southern Denmark (Denmark).

Statistical research

The analysis was conducted using SPSS 17 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA), with statistical significance level set at p <0.05. First, the sociodemographic characteristics of the sample were presented by country and tested for differences using chi-square test. Bivariate comparisons were tested by chi-square test. When country and sex were considered simultaneously, logistic regression with main effects of country and sex and their interaction was conducted to obtain significance tests. When the interaction was not significant, it was removed and the model was re-estimated using main effects only. Third, the effects of not living at parental home on the consumption of the food groups were assessed in logistic regression models. Each sex-country combination was recoded into a new variable yielding 8 distinct groups. The interaction between this new variable and living at parental home versus other living arrangements indicated whether the effects were homogenous or varied across countries or by sex. When interaction term was significant, stratified analysis was carried out to present the effects across the sex/country combinations.